Destruction and Human Remains

Titre : Destruction and Human Remains
Auteur : Jean-Marc Dreyfus
Éditeur : Oxford University Press
ISBN-13 : 9781526116734
Libération : 2017-05-01

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Destruction and human remains investigates a crucial question frequently neglected in academic debate in the fields of mass violence and genocide studies: what is done to the bodies of the victims after they are killed? In the context of mass violence, death does not constitute the end of the executors' work. Their victims' remains are often treated and manipulated in very specific ways, amounting in some cases to true social engineering with often remarkable ingenuity. To address these seldom-documented phenomena, this volume includes chapters based on extensive primary and archival research to explore by why, how and by whom these acts have been committed through recent history. The book opens this line of enquiry by investigating the ideological, technical and practical motivations for the varying practices pursued by the perpetrator, examining a diverse range of historical events from throughout the twentieth century and across the globe. These nine original chapters explore this demolition of the body through the use of often systemic, bureaucratic and industrial processes, whether by disposal, concealment, exhibition or complete bodily annihilation, to display the intentions and socio-political frameworks of governments, perpetrators and bystanders. Never before has a single publication brought together the extensive amount of work devoted to the human body on the one hand and to mass violence on the other, and until now the question of the body in the context of mass violence has remained a largely unexplored area. Interdisciplinary in scope, Destruction and human remains will appeal to readers interested in the history and implications of genocide and mass violence, including researchers in anthropology, sociology, history, politics and modern warfare.

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

Titre : The Analysis of Burned Human Remains
Auteur : Christopher W. Schmidt
Éditeur : Academic Press
ISBN-13 : 9780128005217
Libération : 2015-06-01

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The Analysis of Burned Human Remains, Second Edition, provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators to biological anthropologists. A timely state-of-the-art analyses of burned bone studies for bioarchaeologists and forensic anthropologists Covers the diagnostic patterning of color changes, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for hot to study and recognize burned hard tissues New chapters include improved analyses of thermally induced impacts on bone microstructure, development, and appearance; they also cover sites from a greater geographic range adding Alaska, Italy, Jordan, Mexico, and Southeast Asia

Destruction and human remains

Titre : Destruction and human remains
Auteur : ?lisabeth Anstett
Éditeur : Oxford University Press
ISBN-13 : 9781847799074
Libération : 2014-11-01

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Destruction and human remains investigates a crucial question frequently neglected in academic debate in the fields of mass violence and genocide studies: what is done to the bodies of the victims after they are killed? In the context of mass violence, death does not constitute the end of the executors' work. Their victims' remains are often treated and manipulated in very specific ways, amounting in some cases to true social engineering with often remarkable ingenuity. To address these seldom-documented phenomena, this volume includes chapters based on extensive primary and archival research to explore by why, how and by whom these acts have been committed through recent history. The book opens this line of enquiry by investigating the ideological, technical and practical motivations for the varying practices pursued by the perpetrator, examining a diverse range of historical events from throughout the twentieth century and across the globe. These nine original chapters explore this demolition of the body through the use of often systemic, bureaucratic and industrial processes, whether by disposal, concealment, exhibition or complete bodily annihilation, to display the intentions and socio-political frameworks of governments, perpetrators and bystanders. Never before has a single publication brought together the extensive amount of work devoted to the human body on the one hand and to mass violence on the other, and until now the question of the body in the context of mass violence has remained a largely unexplored area. Interdisciplinary in scope, Destruction and human remains will appeal to readers interested in the history and implications of genocide and mass violence, including researchers in anthropology, sociology, history, politics and modern warfare.

Human Remains in Society

Titre : Human Remains in Society
Auteur : ©œlisabeth Anstett
Éditeur : Oxford University Press
ISBN-13 : 9781526107381
Libération : 2017-01-05

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Human remains in society presents a groundbreaking account of the treatment and commemoration of dead bodies resulting from incidents of genocide and mass violence. Whether reburied, concealed, stored, abandoned or publically displayed, human remains raise a vast number of questions regardingsocial, legal and ethical uses by communities, public institutions and civil society organisations. Through a diverse range of international case studies, across multiple continents, this highly innovative book explores the effect of dead bodies or body parts, either desired or unintended, on various political, cultural or religious practices. How, for instance, do issues of confiscation,concealment or the destruction of human remains in mass crime impact on transitional processes, commemoration or judicial procedures? Multidisciplinary in scope, Human remains in society will appeal to readers interested in the crucial phase of post-conflict reconciliation. This includes students and researchers of history, anthropology, sociology, archaeology, law, politics and modern warfare.

The Effects of Fire on Human Remains Characteristics of Taphonomy and Trauma

Titre : The Effects of Fire on Human Remains Characteristics of Taphonomy and Trauma
Auteur : Elayne Juniper Pope
Éditeur :
ISBN-13 : 0549360980
Libération : 2007

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Burned human remains have been analyzed for centuries, beginning with archaeological contexts of cremation mortuary practices and vanished societies to modern contexts of residential, vehicular, commercial, and the occasional use of fire to destroy evidence of a body. Heat-related damage to a victim's body presents interesting challenges for analysis. Heat reduces recognizable features of the body's original appearance by systematically destroying soft anatomy of skin, fat, and muscle that protects underlying bone. Burned remains left for analysis represent an arrested phase of extremely dynamic processes involving intense heat, combustion, organic degradation, distortion of the body's position, plus any traumatic event pre or post-fire. The feeling of being overwhelmed is minimized when analysis of burn victims is approached not as a charred mass of tissue, but rather as an integration of specialized parts that burn according to their unique functional anatomy and time exposed to heat.

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

Titre : A Companion to Forensic Anthropology
Auteur : Dennis Dirkmaat
Éditeur : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN-13 : 9781118255414
Libération : 2012-03-19

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A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

Pictures of Time Beneath

Titre : Pictures of Time Beneath
Auteur : Kirsty Douglas
Éditeur : CSIRO PUBLISHING
ISBN-13 : 9780643101944
Libération : 2010-04-27

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Pictures of Time Beneath examines three celebrated heritage landscapes: Adelaide’s Hallett Cove, Lake Callabonna in the far north of South Australia, and the World Heritage listed Willandra Lakes Region of New South Wales. It offers philosophical insights into significant issues of heritage management, our relationship with Australian landscapes, and an original perspective on our understanding of place, time, nation and science. Glaciers in Adelaide, cow-sized wombats, monster kangaroos, desert dunes littered with freshwater mussels, ancient oases and inland seas: a diverse group of deep-time imaginings is the subject of this ground-breaking book. Ideas about a deep past in Australia are central to broader issues of identity, belonging, uniqueness, legitimacy and intellectual community. This journey through Australia’s natural histories examines the way landscapes and landforms are interpreted to realise certain visions of the land, the nation and the past in the context of contemporary notions of geological heritage, cultural property, cultural identity and antiquity.

Bioarchaeology

Titre : Bioarchaeology
Auteur : Debra L. Martin
Éditeur : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN-13 : 9781461463788
Libération : 2013-03-15

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Bioarchaeology is the analysis of human remains within an interpretative framework that includes contextual information. This comprehensive and much-needed manual provides both a starting point and a reference for archaeologists, bioarchaeologists and others working in this integrative field. The authors cover a range of bioarchaeological methods and theory including: Ethical issues involved in dealing with human remains Theoretical approaches in bioarchaeology Techniques in taphonomy and bone analysis Lab and forensic techniques for skeletal analysis Best practices for excavation techniques Special applications in bioarchaeology With case studies from bioarchaeological research, the authors integrate theoretical and methodological discussion with a wide range of field studies from different geographic areas, time periods, and data types, to demonstrate the full scope of this important field of study.

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Titre : Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
Auteur : Donald J. Ortner
Éditeur : Academic Press
ISBN-13 : 0080525636
Libération : 2003-01-10

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Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains provides an integrated and comprehensive treatment of pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. There is much that ancient skeletal remains can reveal to the modern orthopaedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist about the skeletal manifestations of diseases that are rarely encountered in modern medical practice. Beautifully illustrated with over 1,100 photographs and drawings, this book provides essential text and materials on bone pathology, which will improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. It also provides time depth to our understanding of the effect of disease on past human populations. Key Features *Comprehensive review of skeletal diseases encountered in archeological human remains * More than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal disease including both microscopic and gross features * Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries for over 35 years * Review of important theoretical issues in interpreting evidence of skeletal disease in archeological human populations

Apocalypse

Titre : Apocalypse
Auteur : Amos Nur
Éditeur : Princeton University Press
ISBN-13 : 069101602X
Libération : 2008

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This study explains where and why ancient earthquakes struck and could strike again, and brings the latest scientific evidence to bear on biblical accounts, ancient mythology, and the archaeological record to explore how earthquakes have shaped history.