The 2001 Anthrax Deception
The 2001 anthrax letter attacks in the United States killed five people and wounded dozens. They were widely blamed on extremist Muslims and their backers and used to support the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. They were also used to justify and hasten the passage of the USA PATRIOT Act, which was being presented to Congress just as the first anthrax victim grew ill. In October 2001, one of the hypotheses that gained ground was that of the Double Perpetrator, the claim that al-Qaeda was carrying out the attacks with the support of Iraq. Much evidence was put forth to support this Double Perpetrator hypothesis but independent scientists soon discovered that the anthrax spores came from a domestic lab in the US serving the military and intelligence communities, not from al-Qaeda or Iraq. The FBI then quickly claimed that an individual was responsible for the attacks and began noisily looking for this "lone wolf." In 2008 the Bureau named Dr. Bruce Ivins of the US Army Medical Institute of Infectious Disease as the "anthrax killer." Although the FBI remains committed to the Ivins hypothesis, the case has been disintegrating for the last three years. Currently, it is justly held in contempt not merely by scientists who worked with Ivins but by many journalists as well as several US senators. But this raises the question: if Ivins did not commit this crime, who did? This book presents evidence to support the following points: (a) The anthrax attacks were carried out by a group of perpetrators, not by a "lone wolf." The attacks were, therefore, the result of a conspiracy- by definition a plan by two or more people, made in secret and resulting in an immoral or illegal act. (b) The group that carried out this crime consisted, in whole or in part, of insiders deep within the US state apparatus. (c) These insiders were the same people who planned the 9/11 attacks (d) The anthrax attacks were meant to facilitate a seizure of power by the executive branch of government through intimidation of Congress and US civil society. They were also designed to achieve public acquiescence to and support for the redefinition of US foreign policy, replacing the Cold War with a new and aggressive global conflict framework, the Global War on Terror.
Oceanography from Space
To all those sailors / Who dreamed before us / Of another way to sail the oceans. The dedication of this Volume is meant to recall, and honour, the bold pioneers of ocean exploration, ancient as well as modern. As a marine scientist, dealing with the oceans through the complex tools, ?lters and mechanisms of contemporary research, I have always wondered what it was like, in centuries past, to look at that vast ho- zon with the naked eye, not knowing what was ahead, and yet to sail on. I have tried to imagine what ancient sailors felt, when “the unknown swirls around and engulfs the mind”, as a forgotten author simply described the brave, perhaps reckless, act of facing such a hostile, menacing and yet fascinating adventure. Innovation has always been the key element, I think, for their success: another way, a better way, a more effective, safer and worthier way was the proper answer to the challenge. The map of our world has been changed time and again, from the geographical as well as the social, economic and scienti?c points of view, by the new discoveries of those sailors. One of the positive qualities of human beings is without doubt the inborn desire to expand their horizons, to see what lies beyond, to learn and understand.
Faits et foutaises dans le management
Ce qui fait marcher les gens dans l'entreprise et ailleurs, ce sont les incitations financières... La réussite d'une entreprise repose avant tout sur sa stratégie... Une entreprise doit savoir maîtriser le changement... Ce qu'il faut à une entreprise, c'est un grand leader... Autant d'exemples d'affirmations péremptoires que vous avez sans doute déjà entendues... et pour cause, puisqu'elles inspirent fréquemment le management et les prises de décision dans les entreprises. Et si elles étaient fausses, ou seulement partiellement vraies? Par exemple, et si les incitations financières avaient des conséquences qui altèrent la performance? Et si se focaliser sur la stratégie plutôt que sur l'efficacité opérationnelle, c'était mettre à côté de la plaque? Et si le changement était parfois pire que l'absence de changement? Et si les "grands leaders" ne jouaient qu'un rôle mineur dans la performance de leur entreprise ? Des questions - parmi d'autres -, auxquelles répond cet ouvrage iconoclaste qui repose sur un constat simple : le management se fonde le plus souvent, non pas sur l'analyse de faits avérés, mais sur des croyances inspirées par l'espoir, l'angoisse, ou l'idéologie. Les décisions des managers s'appuient sur une information très incomplète, souvent biaisée, et mal analysée. Dans bien des cas, elles ne reposent pas sur une réflexion autonome mais sur l'imitation irréfléchie de ce que font les concurrents. Mais un autre management est possible... Les auteurs proposent ainsi le développement du "management fondé sur la preuve". Plutôt que d'asséner des vérités prétendument indépassables, ils invitent les managers à remplacer les demi-vérités pernicieuses et les croyances par l'évidence des faits et livrent la méthode pour y parvenir. Une lecture stimulante pour en finir avec les idées reçues en entreprise!
Elements of Data Compression
Today's increased use of digital sound and video makes data compression crucial to computer technology because of its vast storage and transmission requirements. The question in many applications is now not whether to compress data, but what compression method should be applied. Most data compression books have been written for professionals and require a strong background in data compression techniques as well as an understanding of algorithms based on sophisticated mathematical models. This book is one of a handful of textbooks to present Data Compression for students in an academic environment. This is not a simple task since most of the widely used algorithms rely on sophisticated mathematical models. ELEMENTS OF DATA COMPRESSION addresses the needs of students who will use these techniques on a daily basis. The author accomplishes this through the use of elementary-level representative methods of text, audio, and video compression. Drozdek presents these methods with pseudocode, tables, diagrams, and many worked out examples, all the while employing commonly used techniques that build upon the mathematics students have been exposed to in earlier courses.
Design gr fico para o s culo XXI
"Graphic Design" ci offre la possibilitÃ di conoscere le correnti piÃ¹ aggiornate e progredite del design grafico. Le tematiche presentate sono le piÃ¹ svariate, dal messaggio politico anti consumismo all'ultima pubblicitÃ Nike, cosÃ¬ come le realizzazioni che vanno dal packaging al web design. Charlotte & Peter Fiell dirigono uno studio di consulenza a Londra, specializzato nella vendita, acquisto, studio e promozione degli oggetti di design: sono largamente conosciuti per la loro attivitÃ di conferenzieri, curatori di mostre e libri. Annotation Supplied by Informazioni Editoriali
Advances in Organizational Justice
This is a state-of-the-science book about organizational justice, which is the study of people’s perception of fairness in organizations. The volume’s contributors, all acknowledged leaders in this burgeoning field, present new theoretical positions, clarify existing paradigms, and identify future areas of application. The first chapter provides a comprehensive framework that integrates and synthesizes key concepts in the field: distributive justice, procedural justice, and retributive justice. The second chapter is a full theoretical analysis of how people use fairness judgments as means of guiding their reactions to organizations and their authorities. The subsequent two chapters examine the conceptual interrelationships between various forms of organizational justice. First, we are given a definitive review and analysis of interactional justice that critically assesses the evidence bearing on its validity. The next chapter argues that previous research has underemphasized important similarities between distributive and procedural justice, and suggests new research directions for establishing these similarities. The three following chapters focus on the social and interpersonal antecedents of justice judgments: the influence that expectations of justice and injustice can have on work-related attitudes and behavior; the construction of a model of the determinants and consequences of normative beliefs about justice in organizations that emphasizes the role of cross-cultural norms; and the potential impact of diversity and multiculturalism on the viability of organizations. The book’s final chapter identifies seven canons of organizational justice and warns that in the absence of additional conceptual refinement these canons may operate as loose cannons that threaten the existence of justice as a viable construct in the organizational sciences.
From the author of 1491—the best-selling study of the pre-Columbian Americas—a deeply engaging new history of the most momentous biological event since the death of the dinosaurs. More than 200 million years ago, geological forces split apart the continents. Isolated from each other, the two halves of the world developed radically different suites of plants and animals. When Christopher Columbus set foot in the Americas, he ended that separation at a stroke. Driven by the economic goal of establishing trade with China, he accidentally set off an ecological convulsion as European vessels carried thousands of species to new homes across the oceans. The Columbian Exchange, as researchers call it, is the reason there are tomatoes in Italy, oranges in Florida, chocolates in Switzerland, and chili peppers in Thailand. More important, creatures the colonists knew nothing about hitched along for the ride. Earthworms, mosquitoes, and cockroaches; honeybees, dandelions, and African grasses; bacteria, fungi, and viruses; rats of every description—all of them rushed like eager tourists into lands that had never seen their like before, changing lives and landscapes across the planet. Eight decades after Columbus, a Spaniard named Legazpi succeeded where Columbus had failed. He sailed west to establish continual trade with China, then the richest, most powerful country in the world. In Manila, a city Legazpi founded, silver from the Americas, mined by African and Indian slaves, was sold to Asians in return for silk for Europeans. It was the first time that goods and people from every corner of the globe were connected in a single worldwide exchange. Much as Columbus created a new world biologically, Legazpi and the Spanish empire he served created a new world economically. As Charles C. Mann shows, the Columbian Exchange underlies much of subsequent human history. Presenting the latest research by ecologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, and historians, Mann shows how the creation of this worldwide network of ecological and economic exchange fostered the rise of Europe, devastated imperial China, convulsed Africa, and for two centuries made Mexico City—where Asia, Europe, and the new frontier of the Americas dynamically interacted—the center of the world. In such encounters, he uncovers the germ of today’s fiercest political disputes, from immigration to trade policy to culture wars. In 1493, Charles Mann gives us an eye-opening scientific interpretation of our past, unequaled in its authority and fascination. From the Hardcover edition.
One Thousand Six Hundred Thirty Three
Hurtled back in time into the Thirty Years War by an unknown force, Mike Stearns and his fellow West Virginia coal miners join forces with the king of Sweden to form the Confederated Principalities of Europe and take on the scheming Cardinal Richelieu as they struggle to rescue Mike's wife from war-torn Amsterdam and his sister from the Tower of London.
The time-traveling Americans from the West Virginia town of Grantville find themselves caught in the middle of the Baltic War, with Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, launching a counterattack on the combined forces of France, Spain, England, and Denmark.
Universal,comprehensive health care, equally available to all and disconnectedfrom income and the ability to pay, was the goal of the founders of theNational Health Service. This book, by one of the NHS's most eloquentand passionate defenders, tells the story of how that ideal has beenprogressively eroded, and how the clock is being turned back to pre-NHSdays, when health care was a commodity, fully available only to thosewith money. How this has come about—to the point whereeven the shrinking core of free NHS hospital services is being handedover to private providers at the taxpayers' expense—is still not widelyunderstood, hidden behind slogans like “care in the community,”“diversity” and “local ownership.” Allyson Pollock demystifies theseterms, and in doing so presents a clear and powerful analysis of thetransition from a comprehensive and universal service to New Labour's“mixed economy of health care,” in which hospitals with foundationstatus, loosely supervised by an independent regulator, will be run onlargely market principles. The NHS remains popular, Pollock argues, precisely because it createdthe “freedom from fear” that its founders promised, and because itsintegrated, non-commercial character meant low costs and good medicalpractice. Restoring these values in today's health service has becomean urgent necessity, and this book will be a key resource for everyonewishing to to bring this about.